Difference between revisions of "आज्मा"

During very severe attacks, an asthma sufferer can [[cyanosis|turn blue]] from lack of oxygen, and can experience [[chest pain]] or even loss of [[consciousness]]. Just before loss of consciousness, there is a chance that the patient will feel numbness in the limbs and palms may start to sweat. Feet may become icy cold. Severe asthma attacks may lead to respiratory arrest and death. Despite the severity of symptoms during an asthmatic episode, between attacks an asthmatic may show few signs of the disease.<ref>{{cite book |last=Longmore |first=Murray ''et al'' |title=Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine |publisher=Oxford University Press |location= |edition=7<sup>th</sup> ed.|year=2007 |pages= |isbn=978-0198568377 |oclc= |doi=}}</ref>
Asthmaआज्मायात isछगु definedरिभर्सिबल simplyएअरवे asअब्स्ट्रक्सनया reversibleकथं airwayपरिभाषित obstruction.यानातगु दु। Reversibility occurs eitherथमंतुं (spontaneously) orवा withनिदान (treatment.) याना Theजुइ। basicथुकिया measurementदक्ले isआधारभूत [[peakपीक expiratoryएक्स्पिरेटरी flowफ्लो rate|peak flow ratesरेट]]या andलनेज्या the following diagnosticक्वय् criteriaबियातगु are used by theक्राइटेरियायात [[Britishब्रिटिस Thoracicथोर्‍यासिक Societyसोसाइटी]] नं आज्माया डायग्नोसिसया आधार कागु दु:<ref>{{cite journal |author=Pinnock H, Shah R|title=Asthma|journal=Br Med J|year=2007|volume=334|issue=7598|pages=847&ndash;50|doi=10.1136/bmj.39140.634896.BE}}</ref>
*≥20≥२०% difference on at least three days in a week for at least two weeks;
*≥20≥२०% improvement of peak flow following treatment, for exampleदसु:
**१० मिनेट इन्हेल्ड &बेटा;-अगोनिस्ट (दसु., [[साल्ब्युतामोल]]);
**10 minutes of inhaled &beta;-agonist (e.g., [[salbutamol]]);
** ६ (खु) वातक्क इन्हेल्ड [[कर्तिकोस्तेरोइद]] (दसु, [[बेक्लोमेथासोन]]);
**six week of inhaled [[corticosteroid]] (e.g., [[beclometasone]]);
**१४ न्हु ३०mg [[प्रेद्निसोलोन]].
**14 days of 30mg [[prednisolone]].
*≥20≥२०% decrease in peak flow following exposure to a trigger (e.g., exercise).
In many cases, a physician can [[diagnosis|diagnose]] asthma on the basis of typical findings in a patient's clinical history and examination. Asthma is strongly suspected if a patient suffers from [[eczema]] or other [[allergy|allergic]] conditions—suggesting a general [[atopy|atopic constitution]]—or has a [[Family history (medicine)|family history]] of asthma. While measurement of airway function is possible for adults, most new cases are diagnosed in children who are unable to perform such tests. Diagnosis in children is based on a careful compilation and analysis of the patient's [[medical history]] and subsequent improvement with an inhaled [[bronchodilator]] medication. In adults, diagnosis can be made with a [[peak flow meter]] (which tests airway restriction), looking at both the diurnal [[Circadian rhythm|variation]] and any reversibility following inhaled [[bronchodilator]] [[Asthma#Rapid relief|medication]].