स्पार्ता: Difference between revisions

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(न्हुगु पौ: {{Infobox Former Country |native_name = Σπάρτη |conventional_long_name = स्पार्ता |common_name = स्पार्ता |cont...)
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|conventional_long_name = स्पार्ता
|common_name = स्पार्ता
|continent = युरोपEurope
|region = भूमध्यसागरीय
|country = युनान
|era = क्लासिकल एन्टिक्विटी
|government_type = राजतन्त्रMonarchy
|year_start = ११इ॰पू॰ गू११गू शताब्दी BC
|year_end = [[इ॰पू॰ ३७१]]
|event_start = [[दोरियन कब्जा]]
|date_start =
|image_map_caption = प्राचीन स्पार्ताया लागा
|capital = स्पार्ता
|common_languages = [[दोरिक युनानयुनानी]]
|religion = [[प्राचीन युनानी धर्म]]
'''स्पार्ता''' ([[दोरिक युनानी]]: {{polytonic|Σπάρτᾱ}} ''Spártā'', [[एत्तिक युनानी]]: {{polytonic|Σπάρτη}} ''Spártē'') छगू [[दोरियन युनानी]] [[सैन्यवादी|सैन्य]] राज्य ख। थ्व राज्य दक्ले न्हापां [[लाकोनिया]]य् अवस्थित दुगु खने दु। As aथ्व [[cityसिटी-stateस्टेट]] devotedसैन्य toतालिमय् militaryदक्ले training,न्ह्य Spartaलागुलिं possessedथ्व theराज्य mostयुनानी formidableसाम्राज्यय् armyदक्ले inबल्लागु theसेना Greekदुगु world,खने and after achieving notable victories over theदु। [[Athenianएथेनियन Empire|Athenianसाम्राज्य]] and [[Achaemenidएखेमेनिद Empire|Persianसाम्राज्य]] Empires,नाप युद्धय् त्याये धुंका थ्व राज्यं regardedथःयात itselfप्राचीन asयुनानया theप्राकृतिक naturalसंरक्षकया protectorकथं ofकायेगु Greece.यात।<ref name="bost">The Macedonian Empire: the era of warfare under Philip II and Alexander the Great, 359-323 B.C. - James R.</ref> [[Laconia]] or [[Lacedaemon]] ({{polytonic|Λακεδαίμων}}) was the name of the wider [[city-state]] centered at the city of Sparta, though the name "Sparta" is now used for both. The [[Kings of Sparta]] were believed to be the direct descendants of [[Heracles]].<ref>"The Spartan tradition in European thought", Elizabeth Rawson - p.</ref>
The city of Sparta lay at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the [[Eurotas River]]. It was a strategic site, guarded on three sides by mountains and controlling the routes by which invading armies could penetrate Laconia and the southern Peloponnesus via the Langhda Pass over Mt [[Taygetus]]. At the same time, its distance from the sea&mdash;Sparta was 27 miles from its seaport, [[Gythium]]&mdash;made it difficult to blockade.